Kitab 2 Raja raja

Penulis : Tidak diketahui, kemungkinan Yeremia (namun, diperkirakan bahwa pasal 25 di tulis oleh seorang buangan setelah penawanan oleh Bangsa babel ).

Waktu Penulisan : Antara 640 dan 550 SM. (dikompilasi dari sumber-sumber terdahulu).

Rentang Waktu : Sekitar 293 tahun (masa sebelum nabi Elisa sampai penawanan Yehuda).

Judul Kitab : Kitab ini dinamakan demikian karena mencatat sejarah para raja yang memerintah Israel dan Yehuda.

Latar Belakang : 2 Raja raja merupakan kelanjutan kisah dari 1 raja-raja. Kedua kitab ini merupakan satu kitab dalam Kitab Suci Yahudi. 2 Raja raja melanjutkan kisah para raja yng memerintah pada kerajaan yang terpecah, yang membawa kepada keruntuhan, dan pembuangan, baik atas rakyat Israel maupun Yehuda.

Tempat Penulisan : Tidak diketahui (kemungkinan dari Yehuda dan Mesir)

Mulanya Ditujukan Kepada : Bangsa Israel.

Isi : 2 Raja-raja mengambarkan kejatuhan sebuah kerajaan yang terpecah. Para nabi terus memperingati rakyat tentang penghukuman Allah yang dekat, namun mereka tidak mau bertobat. Kerajaan Israel berulang-ulang dipimpin oleh raja yang lalim, dan walaupun sebagian kecil dari para raja Yahuda baik, namun sebagian besar dari mereka jahat. Para pemimpin yang baik ini, termasuk Elisa dan beberapa nabi lainnya, Negara Kerajaan Utara Israel pada akhirnya dihancurkan leh Asyur (pasal 17), dan sekitar 136 tahun kemudian kerajaan Selatan Yehuda dihancurkan oleh Babel (pasal 25). Walaupun umat Allah berada dalam tawanan, Allah tetap setia pada perjanjian-Nya dengan memelihara sisa-sisa dari bangsa itu bagi diri-Nya sendiri.

Kata Kunci : “Menilai”; “Tawanan”. Gambaran umum dari 2 Raja raja  adalah menilai setiap raja, khususnya mengenai  hubungan mereka dengan Allah dan perjanjian-Nya. Sebagian besar dari mereka dinilai jahat di mata Allah, yang akhirnya membawa Israel dan yehuda pada kondisi “tawanan” yang terpisah.

Tema :

  • Allah membenci dosa  dan Ia tidak akan membiarkannya terus berlanjut selamanya.
  • Allah terkadang mempergunakan orang kafir untuk memperbaiki umat-Nya.
  • Allah begitu mengasihi kita  sehingga kadang-kadang Ia harus mendisiplinkan kita.
  • Allah memberi kita peringatan sebelum menjatuhkan hukuman-Nya.
  • Kita dapat memiliki kepercayaan sepenuhnya bahwa Allah tidak pernah meninggalkan atau mengabaikan kita.

Garis besar:

  • Elisa mengantikan Elia. 1:1-8:15.
  • Kemerosotan dan keruntuhan Israel.  8:16-17:6
  • Pembuangan Israel ke Asyur karena dosa.  17:7-41.
  • Yehuda bertahan.  18:1-23:30.
  • Pembangan Yehuda ke Babel.  23:31-25:30.

Sumber : Lembaga Alkitab Indonesia.

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Postingan ini dibuat oleh suhartanatanael@gmail.com yang telah menulis 299 dibuat pada Kegiatan Kristiani.

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